Monju Bosatsu, in the form of a child with five hair knots, is said to be the bosatsu's entire, real form. The five hair knots represent the Five Wisdom Buddhas. The form of a child is regarded as the form that represents naivete. The bosatsu is often drawn riding upon a lion. The lion is said to be a symbol of the wisdom of the Buddhas. Like the roar of a lion, the Buddhas' wisdom smashes through various delusions. The lion is also an origin of the name, Daishishiku (the Great Lion's Roar), which means to bring about enlightenment.
Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva, also known as 五髻文殊菩薩 (Gokubi Monju Bosatsu) in Japanese, is one of the important manifestations of Manjushri Bodhisattva in both Esoteric Buddhism and mainstream Buddhism. Manjushri Bodhisattva is a symbol of wisdom, learning, and insight, and Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva is particularly revered for his exceptional wisdom among the manifestations of Manjushri.
The name "五髻" (Wuji) in Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva's name means "five crowns" or "five hair knots," referring to the distinctive characteristic of having five heads. These five heads symbolize the five levels of wisdom and knowledge, and Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva is believed to possess these wisdom levels. This symbolism represents the acquisition of profound wisdom through academic pursuits, spiritual practices, and intellectual understanding.
Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva is often depicted holding a sword, symbolizing the cutting through of ignorance and delusion. Additionally, he holds a precious jewel, signifying the power to grant wishes and compassion. His posture represents the pursuit of liberation from ignorance and afflictions, in alignment with the teachings of Manjushri Bodhisattva, and the cultivation of wisdom and compassion.
In the various sects of Esoteric Buddhism, Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva plays a significant role, especially in advanced teachings and rituals. His worship is crucial for practitioners who focus on the pursuit of knowledge and spiritual growth through meditation and practice. Moreover, in mainstream Buddhism, he is respected as a symbol of wisdom, supporting the aspirations related to academic pursuits and knowledge.
Wuji Wenshu Bodhisattva, with his symbolism of exceptional wisdom among the manifestations of Manjushri Bodhisattva, is highly regarded as a spiritual guide by many followers, both in Esoteric Buddhism and the broader Buddhist tradition.